Terrorism is a Symbolic or Literal: Role of Media and Shaping Public Opinions Regarding Terrorism


  • Rimsha Farooq Student
  • Salman Amin Department of Arts and Media
  • Sidra Ahmed


Terrorism, Symbolic, Literal, Media, Public opinions, Survey Methods


The study is designed to explore the perceptions of the public regarding terrorism and the role media is playing in shaping public perceptions, in the light of agenda-setting theory. The study focuses on the relationship between media and terrorism, and to find how opinions are changed due to media regarding terrorism. It further focuses on how media is creating fear and anxiety among people by portraying exaggerated news about terrorism, how opinions of Pakistani public are being affected and also the opinions of people worldwide? For this study data were collected through a survey and applied stratified sampling, specified based on age, gender, and education, and enrolled in Foundation University Rawalpindi. For this purpose, a well-defined questionnaire was designed. The results reveal that terrorism is an act of violence and that media and terrorism have a symbiotic relationship. The overall study shows that media is a powerful tool for attracting the general public, and thus terrorists are using media as a tool to spread a wave of terror among the general public and to achieve their political goals and media is also playing a vital role in changing public opinions by exaggerating news.

Author Biography

Salman Amin, Department of Arts and Media

Foundation University Islamabad, Rawalpindi Campus, Rawalpindi 




How to Cite

Farooq, R. ., Amin, S., & Ahmed, S. (2020). Terrorism is a Symbolic or Literal: Role of Media and Shaping Public Opinions Regarding Terrorism. Global Media and Social Sciences Research Journal (GMSSRJ), 1(1), 25-33. Retrieved from http://gmssrj.com/index.php/main/article/view/18